Thursday, August 10, 2017

Creating Pacman Hook For Cleaning Cache

You can create a pacman hook which executes paccache to clean the pacman cache everytime pacman is run. Just a simple file saved in /etc/pacman.d/hooks.

Before anything check /etc/pacman.conf if the line Hookdir=/etc/pacman.d/hooks has been uncommented. If not, then uncomment it. edit: By default the config file looks at the directory, you can ignore this step if you are putting the .hook file in the default location.

In your favorite text editor create a file to be saved in /etc/pacman.d/hooks.

An example of a pacman hook to clean the cache:

[Trigger]
Operation = Upgrade
Operation = Install
Operation = Remove
Type = Package
Target = *

[Action]
Description = Cleaning pacman cache...
When = PostTransaction
Exec = /usr/bin/paccache -r

Whenever you upgrade, install or remove a package using pacman, it should pull the hook.

[partial pacman -Syu print]
:: Processing package changes...
(1/1) upgrading firefox                                                                        [########################################################] 100%
:: Running post-transaction hooks...
(1/4) Cleaning pacman cache...
==> no candidate packages found for pruning
[partial pacman -Syu print]

See the hooks built in for pacman here along with the one user added.

[print starts]
:: Processing package changes...
(1/6) upgrading geocode-glib                                                                   [########################################################] 100%
(2/6) upgrading libsystemd                                                                     [########################################################] 100%
(3/6) upgrading mesa                                                                           [########################################################] 100%
(4/6) upgrading systemd                                                                        [########################################################] 100%
(5/6) upgrading systemd-sysvcompat                                                             [########################################################] 100%
(6/6) upgrading vulkan-intel                                                                   [########################################################] 100%
:: Running post-transaction hooks...
(1/7) Updating linux initcpios
==> Building image from preset: /etc/mkinitcpio.d/linux.preset: 'default'
  -> -k /boot/vmlinuz-linux -c /etc/mkinitcpio.conf -g /boot/initramfs-linux.img
==> Starting build: 4.12.4-1-ARCH
  -> Running build hook: [base]
  -> Running build hook: [udev]
  -> Running build hook: [autodetect]
  -> Running build hook: [modconf]
  -> Running build hook: [block]
  -> Running build hook: [mdadm_udev]
  -> Running build hook: [lvm2]
  -> Running build hook: [filesystems]
  -> Running build hook: [keyboard]
  -> Running build hook: [fsck]
==> Generating module dependencies
==> Creating gzip-compressed initcpio image: /boot/initramfs-linux.img
==> Image generation successful
==> Building image from preset: /etc/mkinitcpio.d/linux.preset: 'fallback'
  -> -k /boot/vmlinuz-linux -c /etc/mkinitcpio.conf -g /boot/initramfs-linux-fallback.img -S autodetect
==> Starting build: 4.12.4-1-ARCH
  -> Running build hook: [base]
  -> Running build hook: [udev]
  -> Running build hook: [modconf]
  -> Running build hook: [block]
==> WARNING: Possibly missing firmware for module: wd719x
==> WARNING: Possibly missing firmware for module: aic94xx
  -> Running build hook: [mdadm_udev]
  -> Running build hook: [lvm2]
  -> Running build hook: [filesystems]
  -> Running build hook: [keyboard]
  -> Running build hook: [fsck]
==> Generating module dependencies
==> Creating gzip-compressed initcpio image: /boot/initramfs-linux-fallback.img
==> Image generation successful
(2/7) Cleaning pacman cache...
==> no candidate packages found for pruning
(3/7) Updating icon theme caches...
(4/7) Updating udev hardware database...
(5/7) Updating system user accounts...
(6/7) Creating temporary files...
(7/7) Arming ConditionNeedsUpdate...
[print ends]
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